Ghana's Electricity Industry

There are currently approximately 20 power plants in Ghana with a combined installed capacity of about 4,100 MW. Historically, the Electricity Supply Industry (ESI) has been dominated by hydroelectricity from run-of-river plants on the Volta, with The Volta River Authority (‘VRA’) owning over 80% of the total capacity. However, following significant investment in conventional thermal generation capacity, by the end of 2010, Ghana's total installed generation capacity was almost equally divided between these two power sources.

Demand is predicted to exceed 5000MW by 2018, primarily due to the Ministry of Energy’s objective of becoming a major exporter into the West Africa Power Pool, together with an increase in demand domestically, as the government seeks to increase the electrification rate to 80% by 2016.